A verb is a word or a group of combined words that indicate an action or a state of being or condition. it is also the part of a sentence that tells us what the subject performs.
الفعل هو كلمة مفردة أو مجموعة من الكلمات المركبة التي تشير إلى فعل أو حالة معينة من الوجود أو للشرط
الفعل أيضًا جزء من الجملة فهو يخبرنا عن ما يقوم به الفاعل
Verbs are the most important thing in English sentences and in every languages, without them sentences would’t have any action;
الأفعال هي أهم شيء في الجمل الإنجليزية وفي سائر اللغات ، فبدونها لن يكون للجمل أي اجراء او معنى؛
in English language we have so many types of verbs as we have in all languages, and from them we have:
- Action verbs
- Linking verbs
- Helping verbs
- Stative verbs
- Transitive verbs
- Intransitive verbs
- Phrasal verbs
- Modal verbs
this is a group of different types we have in details:
- Action verbs
are all things we can do things we can ask someone to demonstrate or show.
so, most verbs in all languages are action verbs.
Examples of action verbs:
run, clean, dance, walk, sing, listen, read, think, laugh, cook, eat, swim, drink,….
2. Linking verbs
linking verbs don t express action, however, they connect the subject to the additional information that is about to come.
Examples of linking verbs are:
the verb to be is typically linking verb like: am is are and were,
the verb to become, to feel, to look, to sound, shall be, to appear, to remain, to seem…. are also linking verbs.
examples in sentences:
Ali is an expert engineer,
He recently becomes famous,
It looks so pretty.
3. Helping verbs or Auxiliary verbs
Helping verbes are like what they seem to do, they help that is they help the main part of the verb of a sentece to describe an action happened before or happening now or will happen in the future,
this is some of helping and auxiliary verbs:
to be verbs–am, are, be, been, being– be able to,
going to, can, have to, may, ought to, would,…..etc
we are reading the book
I don t drink alcohol
He would prefer to buy the black one
4. Stative verbs
- Stative verbs describe a position or state of being, they have no duration, no beginning, and no end.
- Stative verbs do not show any action, they are more difficult to identify or consider as verbs.
5. Transitive verbs
- Transitive verbs are simply express an action on a direct object to form a complet thought.
Transitive verbsare buy, give, leave, bring, read, play, send, bit, …..
give me the paper please.
she bought 3 tickets yesterday.
6. Intransitive verbs
- Intransitive verbs are far simpler than they sound,
- Intransitive verbs are all verbs that show action and not followed by a direct object.
Intransitive verbs are
act, dance, learn, relax, run, scream, shake, stand, investigate, ……
I arrived yesterday morning
the police are still invevstigating the criminal
I relax when I recite the Holy quran.
7. Phrasal verbs
- Phrasal verbs are phrases that indicate actions. they are generally used in spoken English and in informal texts.
- Phrasal verbs are made up of a verb and a preposition, and adverb, or from tow particles in some cases.
- The particle or the other word often changes the meaning of the main verb.
bring up == raise
carry on == continue and proceed as before
give up == stop, quit or leave an activity
get along with == have a good relationship with
get rid of == eliminate and remove
8. Modal verbs
- Modal verbs are the verbs that we use to show the certainty, the possibility and the impossibility of something we believe.
- Modal verbs are used again to talk about ability, asking for permission and making requests
can-could == used in ability, doubt, polite, permission, …..
will-would == used to wish, to desire something in the future
may-might == used in permission, supposition, doubt, …
shall-should == used in intention and supposition
must == used in obligation and firm necessity ….
this is all what we have in this lesson about types of English Verbs.